When we talk about addiction, tobacco, alcohol and drug addiction tend to come to mind. Even though many of us often make that association, there are in fact many other substances and behaviours (or processes) that people are addicted to. For example, there are numerous people across the globe that are hooked on gambling, food and even work. Let us look at nine of the most common addictions that affect people today, according to addiction experts and psychologists.
1. Tobacco addiction
Tobacco contains nicotine, which is the main addictive ingredient found in cigarettes. This form of addiction has the highest amount of addicts. Since cigarettes are legal and have mild side effects, people often assume that cigarettes are not as harmful as other forms of addiction. The reality is that tobacco causes more deaths than other addictions. Despite the fact that people who smoke know that tobacco is harmful to their health, they often find it very difficult to get past the urge to quit, which is a clear indication of an addiction problem.
2. Alcohol addiction
Alcohol addiction can be difficult to determine because of the way that our society accepts social drinking. Even though alcohol is legal, the potential abuse and addiction can expose users to numerous health risks. The World Health Organisation states that alcohol contributes to at least 60 kinds of diseases and injuries, such as liver disease, crashes, violence and more. Alcohol use continues to rise due to cheap costs and easy availability. Drinking too much alcohol can also lead to an overdose, which can ultimately result in death.
3. Marijuana addiction
Marijuana, or cannabis, is the most commonly grown, used and trafficked illegal substance. It has started to become more socially acceptable ever since it became legalised in several states in the US. However, this should not distract from the fact that it is a potentially addictive substance. The rise of marijuana addiction in recent years may also be due to an increase in potency. Marijuana can impair physical performance and cognitive development, permanently damage memory, worsen schizophrenia and cause a variety of other issues.
4. Painkillers addiction
There are several drugs that are often prescribed by pharmacists and doctors to help alleviate pain, but just because they are prescribed does not mean they are free of addictive properties. Even though a person may be taking seemingly harmless levels of painkillers, this can eventually lead to addiction. Many people who take painkillers do not realise that they are addicted until they attempt to stop taking them. Once they are addicted, it can turn into a difficult addiction to cure.
5. Cocaine addiction
Cocaine is a popular substance amongst the upper class because it is usually quite expensive. Even though the number of cocaine addicts in the US is starting to decrease, it is happening at a gradual rate. This drug can cause a variety of health problem and is especially harmful to the heart. Crack cocaine is a free base form of cocaine that has usually been mixed with baking soda or other cheap substances. Both cocaine and crack cocaine have ruined many lives.
6. Heroin addiction
Heroin is often thought of as the worst drug that a person can be exposed to. After all, just a single dose of heroin can cause a person to become addicted. People often think that they can try it once or twice and be able to stop, but they do not understand how addictive and damaging it is. Withdrawing from heroin can be a terrible experience, which is why it can be even more difficult for people to break the habit. Heroin can cause many health issues such as kidney or liver disease, bacterial infections of the heart valves and blood vessels and lung problems. It can also lead to HIV, hepatitis B and C through the sharing of needles.
7. Gambling addiction
Gambling addiction is a form of behavioural addiction that involves different types of gambling that compromise an individual’s life, family and/or career. People with gambling addiction tend to hide their behaviour, which can involve lying to their family members or hide their losses or winnings. They use gambling to get excitement and thrills or as an escape. Gambling addicts may face financial, legal, career and interpersonal issues. Furthermore, many people who have a gambling problem may think about or even attempt suicide.
8. Sex addiction
Sex addiction can occur in many different ways, such as anonymous sex with multiple partners, compulsive masturbation, sex with prostitutes, voyeurism, and affairs. It occurs when a person becomes preoccupied with sex and acts on their sexual impulses, with no regard for the damaging consequences. Sex addicts often use sex as a way to relieve their anxiety, escape reality or satisfy compulsions that could be associated with a borderline personality disorder. Sexual addiction can lead to an increased likelihood of contracting sexually transmitted infections and tendency to engage in high-risk sexual behaviours.
9. Internet addiction
Internet addiction has turned into a global problem. Many people use the internet on a daily basis, but there becomes a point when it turns into an addiction. Internet addicts spend excessive amounts of time online and end up prioritising internet usage to their friends, families, careers, studies and other activities. They start to feel out of control when it comes to their internet habits and end up feeling guilty or acting secretively. They may even experience withdrawal symptoms, such as agitation or anxiety if they do not use the internet for a certain amount of time.
ADDICTION TREATMENT AT THEDAWN REHAB THAILAND
We have listed nine of the most common addictions in the world, though there are also others that people can become addicted to. The best thing that you can do when a substance or process addiction is taking over your life is to get help as soon as possible. The Dawn Medical Rehab and Wellness Centre is a reputable drug and alcohol rehabilitation centre in Chiang Mai, Thailand that offers highly-personalised and intensive treatment.
If you or someone you love is facing a problem with addiction, contact us today.