Amphetamines are central nervous system stimulant drugs that are frequently used for the treatment of asthma, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sleep disorders like narcolepsy. The effects of amphetamines are similar to that of cocaine, which can cause enhanced feelings of happiness, power and energy, and suppress appetite. It was used to be recommended for weight loss in the past, but has been banned in several countries because of its addictive properties and adverse side effects, even though it can often be found on the internet. People who abuse this drug usually have to receive amphetamine addiction treatment in order to stop their addiction in a safe way.
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Using amphetamines for several weeks can cause psychological and physical dependence. Withdrawal symptoms usually occur once the effects of the last dose have worn off. Amphetamines are intended for consumption in a capsulate or tablet form, but people who abuse the drug tend to prefer snorting the powder by crushing the tablets or emptying the capsules so that they can feel the effects at a faster rate. Drug cravings, fatigue and symptoms of withdrawal can be contributing factors that cause the user to continue taking the drug, which eventually turns into an addiction.
A person who wants to quit using amphetamines may experience severe psychological and physical cravings. When a person uses amphetamines, their bodies chemically alter to accommodate the drug’s presence, which can cause them to perform or feel worse than normal when they do not take the drug. This type of physiological dependence can result in intense cravings when they are not using the drug, which is a big factor behind relapse. Cravings can last for weeks, whilst associated withdrawal effects like depression can stay for months or even years.
When drug users get cravings, they usually feel as though they are unable to function normally without amphetamines because the drug dramatically increases their energy levels, which makes it harder for them to return to normal life. Cravings are most severe at the initial stage of detox. They become less intense the longer the user can abstain from the drug, and eventually the lack of amphetamines will encourage chemical balance in the brain.
Signs and symptoms of amphetamine use include:
It is also common for amphetamine users to experience:
The effects of amphetamine addiction may include:
There are several treatment options for people who are addicted to amphetamines. To begin with, the addict usually has to go through a detox period in order to clear their body of the drug. During the detox, the addict will experience a number of withdrawal symptoms, which is why it is important for them to be under medical supervision and care. Many withdrawal symptoms cannot be seen and are only noticeable through vitals check. Residential detox can take place in a hospital or rehab facilities, and are the safest way to make sure that withdrawal symptoms are handled correctly.
Once the detox period is over, the patient should undergo inpatient amphetamine addiction treatment to receive proper therapy and counselling. Inpatient treatment programmes ensure that the user has a safe and professional place to reside in while they focus on their treatment and recovery. Techniques and treatments that are often used include: